Photo: Karen from www.pmufoalquest.com
Of the Pinto/Paint pattern genes, Tobiano stands alone as a distinct pattern, but Sabino, Splash, Tovero and Frame are typically lumped under the catch phrase "Overo". Often a horse may display characteristics of more than one pinto pattern. There are others whose coloring does not fall neatly into any definite category. Often a horse is, in fact, carrying a multitude of genes, each of which is expressed to some extent. Some genes, like Sabino, frequently occur along with other patterns.
Here are some tips to sorting them out:
Bay Sabino (Think Clydesdale!) who may also have some Frame in her
|Frame with Sabino:|
This filly has the laciness of Sabino, with the "framed" quality of the Frame Overo gene on her neck and sides. Her high, white, "knife-blade" hind stockings indicate Sabino, as do her white chin and extravagant white facial markings. The dark front legs and dark tail indicate Frame.
|Bay frame plus minimal sabino (as shown by the sharp "knife-point" socks and "milky" chin).||Thanks to Amy Jaeger for these descriptions and tips on how to sort out the patterns:|
"Think of it like paint...
Frame - looks like white was painted with a loaded brush into the space inside the frame around the horse's body
Sabino looks like it was sprayed on with a faulty spray gun, splattering around, usually starting from the legs and face and moving toward the body
Splash looks like the horse was dipped in white paint
Each of these patterns come in versions so minimal that some people consider them "normal markings."
|TOBIANO with Sabino|
|TOVERO (To' - 'Vero)|
If it's a pinto/p[aint and not clearly a tobiano, sabino, frame, or splash, likely it can be called a Tovero. Tovero horses combine the characteristics of Tobiano and any/all of the Overos . They often have a substantial amount of white throughout their body. At present, there is no known Tovero gene - it's just a description of a color pattern