Mustangs 4 Us
Appaloosa Complex
Home   l   Mustang/Wild Horse History   l   Mustang Heritage   l   Adopt a Mustang! (Wild Horse, not the Car!) l   
How to Read a Brand l Wild Horse & Burro Watching   l   Gentling and Training Wild Horses   l   Burros   l   Mustang Mules   l   Our "Wild " Herd   l   Wild Horse & Burro Herd Areas/ Where the Wild Things Are   l    Mustang * Horse Colors   l   Genetic TestingHelpful Videos   l   Events   l   Links   l   "Free to Good Home" I "Working With Wild Horses" Book l Mustang T-Shirt

 

Home  
WHB History
Mustang Heritage
Adopt a Mustang!
(Wild Horse, not the Car!)
Wild Horse & Burro Watching
Gentling and Training
Burros
Mustang Mules
Wild Horse & Burro Herd Areas
Mustang * Horse Colors
Helpful Videos
"Free to Good Home"
"Working With Wild Horses" Book
Cool Stuff to Buy
Our "Wild " Herd
How to Read a Brand
Links

NAPA MUSTANG DAYS

This is a non-commercial, independent website, owned and written by Nancy Kerson, for the benefit of actual and potential adopters of BLM Mustangs and Burros and similar animals.

Mustang T-Shirt

$19.95

Sizes & Style

Working With Wild Horses, Second Edition
Working With Wild Horses
(book)
Second Edition 
Printed Book $23
 or
$7.50 Download

Now available on iTunes!

This website is owned and created
by Nancy Kerson, a private
citizen - I am not the BLM or anyother branch of  government!

Information about BLM adoptions
is offered as a service, to help
mustangs find homes and to
promote public appreciation of
wild horses and burros.

For information about the BLM
Wild Horse & Burro Program,
please call (866) 4MUSTANGS
or Click HERE

Please direct adoption questions
to the BLM, not to me.

And I sure as heck am not a
Mustang car dealership!

I have NO horses or burros for
sale and am not interested in
buying or listing or otherwise
promoting your sale animals!

This website:
Copyright 2001, 2002, 2003,
2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2008,
2009, 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013
All Rights Reserved.
I am happy to share, but please
give me a credit when you
"borrow" things off my website!
Thanks!

VIDEOS OF INTEREST TO MUSTANG & BURRO ADOPTERS:


Kitty Lauman:
From Wild to Willing:
Using the Bamboo Pole to Gentle Mustangs
More from Lauman Training available now!

2-DVD set: almost 3 hours of instruction!

$39.95 plus $5 shipping/handling = $44.95 total

BUY 2 DVD Set:

Can't Order Online?
No Problem!
Just email us and we'll tell you
how to mail order


Lesley Neuman:
The First Touch
Gentling Your Mustang
$45.00

Lesley works with 3 wild horses at a BLM adoption, and very clearly explains what is happening, what she is doing, & what she sees in each horse as it progresses. Study this video and you can learn "pressure and release" gentling techniques to gentle your own new mustang!

Format:


Help for Burro adopters!
Crystal Ward
Donkey Training

All the basics of gentling, handling, and training. A MUST for new burro adopters! Good for domestic donkeys, too!

FORMAT


 

 

THE APPALOOSA, or LEOPARD, COMPLEX

The entire range of Appaloosa patterning is called the "Lp" ("Leopard") complex of genes. Appaloosa genetics are complicated and not yet fully understood. More than one gene may be at work in creating the wide range of appaloosa patterns.
 
Appaloosa Mustang from Twin Peaks HMA

The Appaloosa Complex includes a number of patterns, including leopard, blanket, few spot, frosted, snowflake, snow cap,& varnish.

GENETICS OF APPALOOSA:

Current research indicates that Appaloosa patterns are not caused by a single gene. We refer to the "Leopard complex", or Lp, as the group of genes that must be responsible for appaloosa patterns, but we don't know what all the genes are or how they work. We know that the leopard appaloosa pattern appears to be dominantly inherited, but we know nothing about the other patterns.

Walleye from Twin Peaks HMA, Snowflake Appaloosa Mustang adopted by Sue Watkins.

Sheila Archer of The Appaloosa Project writes: 

"In June (2003) Dr. Rebecca Terry (originally of the University of Kentucky, now at the University of Tampa) and I discovered the location of the LP gene, the main gene which must be inherited in order for Appaloosa "characteristics", their unique form of roaning, and all other coat patterns to be visible.  This master gene is located on equine chromosome 1, and we are now in the process of narrowing down the region so that we can develop an actual test for LP.

We have also gathered significant phenotype evidence pointing to the existence of several important white pattern modifier genes, and are working on a study to isolate the most significant of these.

You will find an overview of our research project at this website: www.theappaloosaproject.org Also, if you would like to ask questions of myself and Dr. Terry, we have been running a moderated internet discussion group since September of last year for breeders and enthusiasts. http://groups.yahoo.com/group/theappaloosaproject/  Our site includes a large photo album section with images illustrating everything we've been able to ascertain to this point.  In addition, we have a files section where you can find recent articles by our research team members and other contributors.  I welcome you to join us, even if you only wish to read through the archived messages and search for information for your own interest. "
Sincerely,
Sheila Archer
Appaloosa Project Coordinator
 

COLOR CHANGES OVER AN APPALOOSA'S LIFETIME

Unlike other "White Patterns" like the various Pinto patterns and Roan, the "LP" Appaloosa coloring often changes color patterning considerably through the horse's lifetime. 

"Danny" adopted by Julie Yocom, illustrates coat changes
The change from blanket to varnish is typical. The change from black points to white indicates another gene - the grey gene - also at work


Day after adoption, June 2001


August 2001


September 2002

A horse born with a spotted blanket over its rump may fade to Varnish Roan or develop into a Leopard Spot Appaloosa. Here's Another Example (click)

APPALOOSA MUSTANGS

The Warm Springs HMA in Oregon, Granite Range in Nevada, and Sisters (USFS) & Twin Peaks in California, are the main producers of Appaloosa-patterned mustangs. Very occasionally one turns up in other HMA's as well.

These pictures were taken by Andi Harmon at the Burns BLM Corrals, or newly captured Appaloosas from the Warn Springs HMA in Oregon:


Photo by Andi Harmon

Photo by Andi Harmon

 

Photos by Andi Harmon

Another Herd Area with lots of Appaloosas is the Sisters herd near McDoel, California:

Two Appaloosa Mustangs from the Sisters herd are (USFS) outside Mc Doel, CA
 
Tenaya and Dakota- BLM mustangs from Twin Peaks HMA, California, adopted by Dave & Ginny Freeman of CA
Walleye, Twin Peaks HMA Mustang, exhibiting the Snowflake pattern

 

Appaloosa Traits:

  • Spotted Skin (This trait is necessary, and common to all appaloosas, regardless of hair color)
     

         

  • Striped Hooves (except occasionally in horses with white socks)
     

  • Sclera (white of the eye) showing

  • Eyes may be any color, from light blue through hazel through dark brown


Varnish Roan


Pinta-loosa
(Since both Appaloosa and the various Pinto genes are Dominants, they will all express themselves if they occur together in an individual

Appaloosa "Roaning" or "Varnish Roan"

Varnish Roans start out as normally colored horses, often with appaloosa spotting. This form of roaning usually shows up as an Appaloosa horse ages, often blurring the Appaloosa markings, just like a paint brush can rub out and blend color spots on a wet canvas.

Similar to, but not the same as, greying, It does not start as early as greying does, and sometimes seems to "spread" from the location of the white in the original Appaloosa markings. Varnish Roan is not caused by the Roan gene, but is part of the Appaloosa complex.

How an Appaloosa Becomes a Varnish Roan
I have lost the name of the kind person who sent this chronicle of a single appaloosa horse's color changes. IF it's you, or if you know who it is, please email me!

Weanling

yearling

Later on as a an older yearling

four years old



Warm Springs HMA appaloosa mustangs at Burns, Oregon BLM facility
photo: Liz Cohen

Marble & Frosted are other appaloosa patterns, that look a lot like roan.
See Equusite Color Pages for pictures.
 


Ajax - owned by Edona Miller

 
PMU mare and foal in Canada

Here are some good Appaloosa websites:


PMU mare & foal

Registered Appaloosa PMU foal whose spots are just barely starting to show

Andi Harmon on Ty, a varnish/gray appaloosa


Another pic of Ty

 


Sir Prize, a mustang on the Navajo Reservation


Nez Perce man on Appaloosa horse


Appaloosa mustang at Litchfield BLM Corrals

 

 

 

  

Horse Colors Main Page l Base Colors l lAgouti/Bay | Grey | Pangare | White Spotting Patterns | Rabicano | Roan | Sooty

The Overo Group:

 Frame Overo l Sabino l Splashed White l Tovero l How To Tell the Pintos Apart

Overo Lethal White Syndrome

Other Spotting Patterns:

Appaloosa l Tobiano l Pintaloosa

*

Hit Counter

copyright 2000, 2001, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009, 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014  Nancy Kerson, all rights reserved - I'm happy to share, just need to be asked and have credit given where due.

Disclaimer: Horses are inherently dangerous. Use the information contained within this website at your own risk.