Lesley Neuman: The First Touch Gentling Your Mustang $45.00
Lesley works with 3 wild horses at a BLM adoption, and very clearly explains what is happening, what she is doing, & what she sees in each horse as it progresses. Study this video and you can learn "pressure and release" gentling techniques to gentle your own new mustang!
Help for Burro adopters! Crystal Ward Donkey Training
All the basics of gentling, handling, and training. A MUST for new burro adopters! Good for domestic donkeys, too!
Click here for Nevada BLM'S "MUSTANG COUNTRY" online booklet - It's chock full of info for mustang buffs, including wild horse history, visitor tips and camping info for wild horse viewing in the Northwestern Nevada HMA's, including several that are located in Nevada but administered by California. It takes a while to download but is well worth the wait!
The Bitner HMA lies in northern Washoe County, Nevada about 40 miles east of Cedarville, CA. It lies sandwiched between the Sheldon Range USFWS on the East, and Massacre Lakes HMA on the West. Nut Mountain HMA shares its southern border, and Sheldon USFWS is North. Wild horses move freely between Bitner, Massacre Lakes, and Nut Mountain HMA's. The size of this area is 50,500 acres. This area has an AML of 25 wild horses with a range of 15-25 head. The horses in this area likely originated form historic ranching operations, and strongly resemble good ranch stock. Predominant colors in this herd are sorrels, blacks and bays with some pinto individuals. Bitner horses tend to have excellent ranch horse conformation and athletic ability.
Bitner HMA Mare featured on 2008 Internet Adoption
Bitner HMA Mare featured on 2008 Internet Adoption
Bitner gelding on 2008 Internet Adoption
Bitner gelding on 2008 Internet Adoption
Midori Morgan's two Bitner mares, the day they were chosen from the Litchfield Corrals in October 2012
Madeleine LeClerc's Watson 2007 Gelding from Buckhorn, CA DNA test showed Welsh Pony, Standardbred, Irish Breeds
Buckhorn mare for adoption at Palomino Valley
The Buckhorn HMA is located 40 miles southwest of Cedarville, CA in Lassen County, CA and Washoe County, NV. It is bordered by Twin Peaks HMA to the South and Coppersmith HMA to the West. The are is comprised of 65,000 acres. This HMA has a AML of 85 wild horses with a range of 59-85 head. This area contains horses thought to originate from Spanish stock, diluted with ranch stock and US Cavalry remounts prior to and during World War I. The influence of the US Cavalry Remount program is especially apparent in these horses. (See History page for more about the Cavalry Remount Program)
3-year-old "three strikes" Buckhorn mare purchased/saved by Cathy Barcomb, under the 2005 "3 strikes you're out" revision to the 1971 Wild Free-Roaming Horse & Burro Protection Act.
This horse's only "crime" was being sent to three adoptions with more horses than adopters. She is beautiful, gentle, smart, and perfect in every way. She was gentled by Lynda Sanford (pictured) and now lives with Cathy Barcomb of Reno, NV.
At Litchfield, CA, holding facility
Comanchi from Buckhorn HMA, adopted as an older horse by Lin Amiri of Tracy, CA
There are also bay, creme, and solid-colored individuals, as well as a very few appaloosas and pintos, including the Medicine Hat pattern once prized by Native Americans.
Carter Reservoir HMA is isolated somewhat from other wild horse herds, allowing it to develop its own unique breed characteristics over time.
Cricket from Carter Reservoir, owned by Jim & Darrice Massey of Cedarville, CA
Carter Reservoir yearlings
The Carter Reservoir HMA is located in Washoe County, Nevada with a small portion located in Modoc County, California. It stands isolated from other HMA's. This area is about 23,000 acres in size. An AML for this herd is currently being established at 35 head, with a range of 25-35 head.
This herd exhibits strong "Old Spanish" coloring, including many with strong dun factors, as well as roans, and Frame Overo pinto, all of which are characteristics of horses of Old Spanish origins.
Genetic testing by Dr. Gus Cothran of the University of Kentucky has confirmed that these horses have genetic markers unique to horses of Old Iberian descent.
Overall, the herd clusters most closely with the North American Gaited Saddle breeds. Dr. Cothran states, "Based upon the combination of the similarity analysis and the variants present in the herd, it appears that the Carter Reservoir herd is derived from North American stock but that there is a Spanish component that is not through the North American breeds... The herd is likely derived from North American stock but it does appear to have some Old Spanish ancestry. "
There are only four known markers that absolutely indicate Old Spanish ancestry. The Carter Reservoir herd has two of these, plus a third that is "probably" indicative of Old Spanish ancestry. It appears to be a stable herd over recent years.
AML for this herd is quite small, and Dr. Cothran expresses concern over this, stating that genetic variation is likely to decline rapidly. The "fix" for this would be to introduce new horses from similar areas.
Carter Reservoir was last gathered in fall of 2009 and will be gathered again in 2013.
(photo: Rhonda Zinkel) Before Rescue
(photo: Rhonda Zinkel)
After Re-Adoption & 1 year of good care
Here is Macchiato, the repo-ed starved Carter Reservoir mare that also lost her foal which Jona and Mindy Odom helped work out for me to adopt. She was a starved 3 yr. old when I adopted her - I couldn't believe she was a 3 yr. old when I first saw her, she was so under-wt and small/short - which you can see in the 1st. pic which was her first day here (and this was after Jona had her for a month or so and then Mindy had her for a couple of months putting weight on her!) The other pic is her less than a year later, this past summer. She grew at least 4" in less than a year as a 3 yr. old! Quite a transformation.
- Rhonda Zinkel
Photo: Jim & Darrice Massey
Photo: Jim & Darrice Massey
Darrice Massey and Carter Reservoir Red Ryder I have never had any horse or mule that I have saddled 3 times then put my foot in the stirrup. These pictures are the 4th and 5th time saddling and me getting on. The 5th saddling I started him walking around. He has never had anything but a kind look in his eye. What a kind heart he has. - Darice
Scout, adopted by Skip Lang and now owned by Cathy Barcomb of Nevada.
The Carter Reservoir HMA was gathered by BLM in late summer of 2003. All but 25 of the Carter herd is now in captivity and dispersed to the various individual adopters. Jona Kalayjian has begun a Registry for these special horses, to preserve their breed character and special lineage.
At the capture site Pictures of before capture and at the capture site, courtesy of Lesley Neuman
Carter herd at Palomino Valley, fall 2003:
4084 - dun appaloosa
MOTHER & SON
Roxanne and Elvon Talltree took these photos in late 2008 of horses in the Carter Reservoir HMA.
This band of Carter Reservoir horses includes a few domestic who were running with them at the time of the 2010 gather
The Coppersmith HMA lies 30 miles southwest of Cedarville, CA in Lassen County, CA and Washoe County, NV. This area is comprised of approximately 70,500 acres. This HMA has an AML of 75 wild horses with a range of 50-75 animals. This area contains horses thought to originate from Spanish stock diluted with ranch stock and US Cavalry remounts prior to and during World War I. Many of the horses in this area have characteristics common to Morgans and Quarter Horses. Predominant colors are bay, black and brown.
Like all Re-Mount areas, these horses tend to have more size than others, although there are certainly exceptions.
Penny, owned by Dave & Ginny Freeman, from Coppersmith HMA
Mojave Dreamcatcher 1992 Bay Gelding Coppersmith HMA Adopted June 1996 in Ridgecrest by Cloud
This is my Coppersmith HMA mustang, Brutus. We live in Portola Valley, CA which is south of San Francisco. He's is 16.2 hands and usually between 1350 and 1450 lbs depending on how much grass is in that pasture. He definitely looks draft cross.
I had heard the Coppersmith herd is rumored to have Clydesdales blood in it and he looks like he is a Clydesdale cross. Ever heard this rumor about that herd?
He will be 10 in June and is a gentle giant.
By the way, when I got Brutus, he showed up at Save the Horses at 3.5 years and had passed hands a # of times. His name was Uncle Sam when he came there and I changed it to Brutus as he's such a big brute. When shown, he is The Brute of Uncle Sam.
CHINOOK, aka "BAY COLT"
This Coppersmith colt was adopted and returned to BLM. BLM Volunteers Mike & Nancy Kerson gentled and halter trained him, in hopes of finding him a good "forever" home.
Just three weeks into the project, Wendee Walker brought Julie Steel to meet the Bay Colt and the rest, as they say, is history! Here is "Chinook" with new adopter, Julie, and Annie the Horseshoer, getting his first trim of all four hooves - he couldn't have done better!
"Diamond" is from Devil’s Garden. He is now part of our family and lives happily in Marion, WI.
"All Hallow's Eve" - yearling filly halter-trained by Nency Kerson and adopted by Sydney Blankenship
Loretta Jones and her Devils Garden horse, Mikki. Loretta bought this horse as a trained 12-year-old, back in 1990. He was captured before the current system of neck brands came into place. His brand is "C-2." Mikki is now retired and living in Northern California. Loretta describes him as very smart, calm, and the best trail horse ever.
Melissa Mattis and Aidan from Devils Garden
Whispering Pines Mustang Sally, adopted & trained by Dwight Bennett
Melissa Mattis' "Aidan" from Devil's Garden
The Devil's Garden Wild Horse Territory is located five miles north of Alturas, CA in northern Modoc County, CA. This area contains some 236,000 acres and is managed by the Modoc National Forest in cooperation with the BLM's Alturas Field Office. This HMA has an AML of 325 wild horses. Many of the wild horses in this area exhibit draft horse characteristics. However, some areas are dominated by animals with light horse breed characteristics.
THE SHIRE CONNECTION: My neighbor, R.F. Brown, who is from a pioneering family with long-time ties to both the Napa area as well as to Siskiyou and Modoc Counties in the far Northern part of California and Southern Oregon, tells this story of the origin of the draft influence in the Devils Garden horses: There was a man here in Napa, last name of Wheatley, who raised and bred Shire draft horses. A man from the X-S (I think that was the name) ranching company in Alturas bought a bunch of these, driving them all the way up to Alturas. They released the stallions into the range in the area now known as Devils Garden, to mate with the local wild stock, and they used the offspring as needed in their ranching operation.
POINT OF REFERENCE: This is a Shire draft horse. This is "Hank" a purebred registered Shire owned by Martha Conlin.
The Forest Service provides management lead on this territory, with the Bureau of Land Management conducting the gathering operations and placement of animals into the adoption program.
"Wild horses have been present on the Devil’s Garden Plateau for more than 130 years. Many of the early horses escaped from settlers during the Indian Wars or were released when their usefulness as domestic animals ended. In later years, local ranchers turned horses out to graze and then gathered them as needed. It is believed that three different ranches, which had permitted horses on the National Forest, greatly influenced the current herd composition. Draft breeds influenced the horses in the west portion of the territory. Lighter riding breeds influenced the horses in the east portion of the territory."
Dr. Katie Blunk's Devil's Garden "Ole' Blue Eyes"
Devils Garden Blue Velvet, adopted by Karen Floyd
Devils Garden Internet Adoption horse
Michelle DeCamp's "Modoc" from Devil's Garden
Devils Garden Leroy at work
Joan Baeskens' Devils Garden mare, Shawnay
Mona Maize from Devils Garden, owned by Jessica
Satin from Devils Garden, adopted by Richard Oxios
Janice Owens and her two Devils Garden HMA mares, adopted in 2007
Janet Titus working with Al Owens' "Ellie" at the 2009 Napa Mustang Days
Cathy Ruprecht's Devil's Garden mare
Extreme Mustang Makeover horse assigned to trainer Angela Faulkner
Historically, wild horses have been found on the Devils Garden Plateau for more than 130 years. Many of these horses escaped from settlers during the Indian wars or were released when their usefulness as domestic animals ended.
In later years, like many areas throughout the west, local area ranchers turned horses out to graze and then gathered them, as they were needed.
Record high numbers of horses were bred for the military during World War I.
Today the Devil’s Garden Horses are one of the most popular horses in the BLM’s adoption program. Most the horses (Devil’s Garden RD) are classified as light draft and are a favorite with packers and wagon users as well as those wanting a sturdy, calm-tempered saddle horse.
The finer boned horses (Doublehead RD) are popular for both Endurance riders and those wanting good working stock.
Devil's Garden Research Natural Area (RNA) Located west of Goose Lake in the Devil's Garden Ranger District, this RNA was established in February 1933. At 5,000 feet elevation, the Devil's Garden RNA consists of 800 acres of open stands of Western Juniper -with sagebrush, bitterbrush, rabbitbrush, bunchgrasses, and annuals on an expansive plateau littered with volcanic rock. The RNA is not fenced, but signs are posted along the perimeter. Basalt flows occurring in north to northwest block-faults are traceable by the more dense growth of juniper in that area. Frost mounds 40 to l00 feet in diameter are common in the RNA; this is unusual since frost mounds normally occur at higher elevations or farther north. (from http://gorp.away.com/gorp/resource/us_national_forest/ca/rec_modo.htm )
The Modoc NF's Devils Garden Plateau Wild Horse Territory is comprised of roughly 236,000 acres. Included are portions of 10 grazing allotments on the Doublehead and Devils Garden Ranger Districts. A population objective of 305 horses was established in the 1980 Herd Management Plan and the 1991 Modoc Forest Plan.
Devils Garden is aptly named. While the terrain is relatively flat, horses range through a rough and rocky lava plateau. Stock water is often limited. Juniper encroachment has steadily decreased the amount of forage available for use, and soils are typically characterized with a hardpan sub straight restricting water percolation, resulting in low forage production potential. During the early winter before ground freezes up and during spring thaw there is high potential for soil compaction.
2 year old red roan filly #8385 from Devil's Garden CA adopted off the May internet auction. We picked her up at Ewing Ill on June 23 2007. She was taken to the Smethport Fair on Aug 17 2007. She and Clover from Clover Mountain NV a yearling filly bought off the internet adoption, were a big hit. So many people stopped and wanted to know how to adopt. They were so impressed with how gentle and loving they both were. They were informed of the upcoming internet adoption and the Harrisburg on site adoption. - Courtney Ahlberg Kane PA
The Fox Hog HMA is located approximately 45 miles southeast of Cedarville, CA in Washoe County, NV. It borders two very colorful Nevada herds - Granite Range and Calico Mountains, on its eastern side. Like those HMA's, Fox Hog produces a great deal of color beyond the usual bays, browns, reds, and blacks. "Metallic" looking golden buckskins are somewhat unique to this area, for reasons not currently known.
The area is comprised of 119,000 acres. An AML 220 wild horses (with a range of 120 to 220) horses has been established for this area through the evaluation of monitoring data. This area contains horses from a variety of breeds with some displaying draft horse characteristics.
Fox Hog Sammy, owned by Tania Bennett 15.3 hh and very gentle
Fox Hog Windy, adopted by Andi Brinson
This is "Liberty Roo" my Mustang. She is a 1998 Mare out of Fox Hog HMA. - Sheryl Brandmeyer
Randy Stark & Fox Hog Jake
Reka, adopted by Ginny Freeman
Buster, adopted by Tania Bennett
Fox Hog Tule adopted by Erica Williamson
Fox Hog stud horse
Hobo from Fox Hog
Fox Hog Internet Adoption horse
BLM wrangler, Grant Locke's large 16.1 hand Mustang is from Fox Hog HMA. -photo by Jeff Fontana
Fox Hog mare
Fox Hog Redrock, at 2 years over 15 hands tall. Redrock is being trained by BLM volunteer Becky, for re-adoption
Dixie LaFountaine's mare for the 2008 Western States Mustang Challenge
Zapata from Fox Hog adopted by Judi Moore
Zapata at 2 years old
Zapata in saddle training
Fox Hog (and perhaps others) at Litchfield Corrals in October 2012
November, 2011 Fox Hog Gather - Photos by Amy Dumas:
The Fort Sage HMA is located approximately 40 miles southeast of Susanville, CA just east of the town of Doyle, CA. This herd area covers approximately 15,000 acres and is managed in cooperation with the BLM's Carson City, Nevada District. The appropriate management level (AML) is estimated to be approximately 65 head.
Click here for Nevada BLM'S "MUSTANG COUNTRY" booklet - chock full of info for mustang buffs, including wild horse history, visitor tips and camping info for the Northwestern HMA's, including this one and several others that are located in Nevada but administered by California. It takes a while to download but is well worth the wait!
Ruger adopted by Brittany McConnell
The High Rock HMA consists of approximately 115,000 acres and is located about 45 miles north of Gerlach, NV and 45 miles southeast of Cedarville, CA. This area is located entirely within Washoe County, NV, and it adjoins Calico Mountains HMA, which is administered by the Winnemucca, NV district..
High Rock borders Fox Hog HMA and Calico Mountains HMA, on the South. On the North and East, it shares borders with Nut Mountain HMA, Wall Canyon HMA, and Black Rock West HMA. High Rock HMA is managed as 2 separate home ranges, with an AML of 40 (range of 30-40) animals established for the East of Canyon Home Range and an AML of 80 (range of 48-80) head established for the Little High Rock Home Range.
Some of the horses in this area exhibit Spanish mustang characteristics. Sorrel and Palomino pintos occur in this herd.
Brittany McConnell had her High Rock horse DNA-tested and his top three breed resemblances are: 1. Non-Arabian Oriental 2. Heavy Draft - Belgian 3. North American - Morgan/Saddlebred
Tika, adopted by Tori Seavey
Tika, adopted by Tori Seavey
"Penny" adopted by RF Brown, Napa, CA, Gentled by Michael & Nancy Kerson Sold to Midori Morgan, who became a Mustang convert and a TIP Trainer!
Blue (above), and Shasta (below) both High Rock youngsters halter-trained by BLM volunteer Becky Delaney for adoptions in 2007. Blue is not re-named "Lumos" and is owned by Tara Flewelling, who competes in trail trials with him.
Romeo from High Rock HMA - adopted and owned by Linda T.
The new adopter for Shasta (at right with trainer Becky Delaney)
McGavin Peak (USFS)near McDoel, CA The McGavin Peak Wild Horse Territory (WHT) is administered by the Goosenest Ranger District, Klamath National Forest.
J. Edelen writes: Here is one of my 3 mustangs. He was captured in the McGavin Peak HMA near Macdoel, CA back in 2003. He was foaled in 2002. He is a great horse that we ride in the mountains and I pony my other mustang little sioux behind him on pack trips. He is very stable and sure footed and always thinks things through before acting. He stands around 15 hands now but has room to grow a little still.
McGavin Peaks photos of the last McGavin Peaks gather, by Roxanne Talltree:
"Black Filly" halter-trained by Nancy Kerson originally as a TIP project; Adopted by Nancy & Mike Kerson in 2014.
The McGavin Peak Wild Horse Territory was located in California about 7 miles east of Dorris. Both the Forest Service and Bureau of Land Management lands are scattered tracts, which cannot support a sustainable herd, so the herd was zeroed out.
Large herds were found near McGavin Peak since at least the early 1900’s. The source of the original horses in this area is unknown. However, many horses escaped or were released by ranchers, miners, and soldiers, which mixed with the existing herds. Indications are that in the 1930’s some American Standardbreds mixed with the existing herd.
Periodic round-ups occurred in the early history of this herd. Large round-ups occurred in the 1930’s and 1940’s. The “good” horses were kept for domestic stock, and the “poor” horses were sold for pet food. This herd was also subject to much recreational horse chasing. The horses would be run through fences, and in the process a few horses would be killed or crippled. When the Wild Free-Roaming Horse and Burro Act was passed in 1971, protecting the horses from harassment, estimated herd numbers in the McGavin Peak territory were around 30 horses. Bays and browns were the dominant colors. (taken from USFS website)
The Massacre Lakes HMA lies in northern Washoe County, Nevada. It is about 30 miles east of Cedarville, CA, and shares its eastern border with Bitner HMA. The area is 40,700 acres in size. An AML for this herd has not been established but is estimated to be 20 head. The horses in this area likely originated from historical ranching stock and are mostly sorrel or bays.
Large herds were found near Three Sisters since at least the early 1900’s. The source of the original horses in this area is unknown. However, many horses escaped or were released by ranchers, miners, and soldiers, which mixed with existing herds. Indications are that in about 1950 a thoroughbred stud was released into the herd.
Over the years this and other herds were used to replenish local ranch stock and to provide supplemental income for the local ranchers. During World War I, large numbers of horses from the Three Sisters area were rounded up and sold to the Army.
When the Wild Free-Roaming Horse and Burro Act was passed in 1971, population of the Three Sisters herd was 7 horses. All of the horses were bay.
THough a small, isolated herd, the Three Sisters horses are valued by adopters for their sturdy bone structure and gentle temperaments.
The Three Sisters WHT is managed for an appropriate management level of 15 horses.
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