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ARIZONA: The BURRO State!  
(Also, a few Horses)

Arizona has 11 Herd Management Areas. All but two are for burros only. In fact, the Arizona BLM calls Arizona "The Burro State."

There are two Arizona areas with wild horses, Cerbat and Cibola-Trigo. Cerbat is not currently an actual HMA, just an HA - apparently a Hot Topic in the Kingman area!


Arizona wild horse and burro territory is dry and windy, with sparse vegetation.

Arizona has a new adoption center, in conjunction with its new Inmate Wild Horse Training Program


Note that Cerbat Mountains is incorrectly identified here as an HMA, but it is in fact just an HA.
At the time of the passing of the 1971 Wild Horse & Burro Protection Act, 4 more Herd Areas were identified, but these were zeroed out between 1997 and 2002:



 
Alamo HMA
OATMAN:

A popular stop on any scenic road tour of Arizona is the old mining village of Oatman, Arizona, where technically wild but pretty tame burros are the main attraction! These burros are managed by the BLM, although not a true HMA. Oatman is between Kingman, Arizona and Bullhead City, Nevada.
Want to see the Oatman burros? Thanks to Arizona Highway Guides.Com for these directions:

Finding the road to Oatman

Take I-40 south to exit 44, also know as Shinarump Drive. Best to check your gas gauge, it is a long, long way to the next gas station! Go Back to Crazy Fred's truck stop on the other side of I-40 if you need gas. There is NONE ahead. This is a sparely populated area.

Go west on Shinarump Drive about 1/8 the mile, then turn left on Oatman Highway. As you follow this road up into the mountains, be aware that there are few if any guardrails along the road. Be careful to pay attention to driving. The road is legally accessible by any vehicle under 40 feet in length. This is not a road for large motorhomes.

Travelers are advised that the portion of the highway passing through the mountains is a very narrow two-lane with no shoulders, extremely tight switchbacks and many steep drop-offs. This section through the Black Mountains is a series of narrow, hairpin turns. This section was bypassed in 1951 in one of the many realignments of Route 66.

Wide vehicles and vehicles over 30 feet in length should use extreme caution when driving this road. Now the good news, if you keep your speed down, this is a spectacular drive in the old west.

Black Mountain HMA
Big Sandy HMA

Emma from Big Sandy - adopted by Sal Rhymes
Cibola-Trigo HMA


from http://www.photos.blm.gov/

AML: 120-150 horses
228-285 burros

"Wild burros were likely introduced into this area in the mid-1800s. As mining booms went bust and alternate transportation became available, the wild burros were left to fend for themselves.

Wild horses have a more recent history. These animals probably escaped or were released from ranches when the river was channeled in the 1940s. There are several Appaloosa studs thriving in the Arizona portion of the HMA, contributing to the color diversity of the herd.  In fact, this line may be a continuation from the first-ever Appaloosa stud in the area."

 - Arizona BLM website

 

Cerbat HMA

The Cerbat range has a very special herd of very Spanish-type horses. (See Private Lands Wild Horses below for other Arizona wild horses)

The Cerbat Range HMA, like the Montgomery Pass HMA on the California-Nevada border, is in balance with its environment, which includes mountain lions.

Because the population is stable,  Cerbat horses are rarely gathered, except for occasional instances when a single horse or two stray outside their range and become "nuisances." Occasionally, a severe drought may also require removing horses, in order to save them.

Location: Just five miles North of Kingman, East of U.S. Highway 93 toward Las Vegas, Nevada, and west of Stockton Hill Road. The historic mining town of Chloride, Arizona sits at the western base.

Size: 83,000 acres of Arizona interior chaparral grassland and Grand Canyon desert shrub. The most notable and definitely hard to miss feature of the region are the Cerbat Mountains, with its associated peaks, ridges and canyons. The mountains run in a general northwest to southeast direction and are flanked by Sacramento Valley to the west and Hualapai Valley to the east. At an elevation of nearly 7,000 feet, Cherum Peak is the prominent landmark and is also the heart of the wild horse use area. The climate is generally warm, dry and windy. Elevation varies from 3,400 feet to 7,000 feet, with temperatures and rainfall varying with elevation. The thermometer can read 105 degrees in the summer and drop to a freezing zero degrees in the winter.

Population:
 

AML: 72-90 horses

The population is relatively stable, and as a result, recruitment is fairly low. It is believed that the high density of mountain lions keeps the wild horse population stable.

Horse Size: The body size of a Cerbat horse is usually small, with an average weight ranging between 750 to 800 pounds and an average height of 14 to 16 hands.

Colors: The horses are predominately bays, with numerous roans, including blue roans. Other colors include grey, black, sorrel (red) and dun.


Cerbat Stallion

History: The Cerbat HMA is one of only two HMA’s in Arizona known as home to wild horses. There are several popular beliefs concerning the origin of this particular herd. One theory is that the Cerbats are descendants of Spanish mustangs, introduced as early as the 1500s. A second theory is that these horses escaped from early explorers in the 1700s. Yet another belief is that the horses were abandoned by livestock ranchers in the early 1800s.

The horses typically show signs of Spanish descent but may also have mixed origins.

With relatively stable numbers, removals by the BLM have not been necessary, and the habitat conditions remain good. At times, animals may be removed to drought conditions, or if they become a problem for private land owners. When this occurs, the horse is wormed, vaccinated against equine diseases, branded and offered to the public through the BLM’s Adopt a Wild Horse or Burros Program.   

Contact:
 Kingman Field Office BLM
 2755 Mission Boulevard 
 Kingman, Arizona 86401
 (928) 718-3700

 

Cibola-Trigo HMA

Cibolo-Trigo is maintained at an AML of 120 horses and 228-285 burros

Havasu HMA
AML: 133-168 burros

Heber Wild Horse Territory (US Forest Service)

Lake Pleasant HMA
AML: 166-208 burros

Painted Rock HA
This is now a small Burros-only HA, zeroed for horses in 2007

Here is "Tank" (the grullo), a gaited Painted Rock mustang.
Unfortunately he experienced a few unsuccessful adoptions,
so he is now living at a BLM Long Term Pasture in the Midwest.


 

 

Choose from:
BLM-Managed Wild Horse & Burro Herd Management Areas:
Arizona  California  Colorado  Idaho  Montana  Nevada  New Mexico  Oregon  Utah
BLM Holding & Adoption Centers Long-Term Holding Facilities

Non-BLM Wild Horse Areas:
Atlantic Coast  Central USA 
State of Nevada Dept. of Agriculture (Reno-Area Comstock/Virginia Range "Estrays")
US Forest Service Wild Horse Territories  Sheldon USFWS