Lesley Neuman: The First Touch Gentling Your Mustang $45.00
Lesley works with 3 wild horses at a BLM adoption, and very clearly explains what is happening, what she is doing, & what she sees in each horse as it progresses. Study this video and you can learn "pressure and release" gentling techniques to gentle your own new mustang!
Help for Burro adopters! Crystal Ward Donkey Training
All the basics of gentling, handling, and training. A MUST for new burro adopters! Good for domestic donkeys, too!
Oregon has 21 Herd Management Areas that are administered by 4 BLM Districts and the US Forest Service. (IF you have a horse or burro from one of these areas, and would like to share, please send me a photo - be sure to include your name and the HMA name - Thanks!)
This is Tucker, adopted in Roseburg, OR 2/25/05. He is great ~ tarps no biggy, clippers a breeze, fairgrounds and commotion best behaved horse on his second outing - if I may brag….I have planned for a long time that my next riding partner would be a BLM mustang. I am excited to be able to share these pics. Hope they are helpful. I’ll send better pics this spring.
- Ieesha King – Glendale,OR
Oregon has 18 Herd Management Areas:
Oregon originally had these 11 Herd Areas, too, but they have been zeroed out:
349,957 acres, AML Range 73-140 The horses are believed to be descendants of thoroughbreds from U.S. Army remount stallions. Others are descendants of escaped or released horses from local ranches. Size: 950 to 1,050 pounds, 14.2 and 15.2 hands. Colors: The dominant colors are bay, sorrel, and black. The Coyote Lakes HMA and the Alvord-Tule Springs HMA are currently being managed as the Coyote Lakes/Alvord-Tule Springs complex because of known migration between to the two HMAs through Sand Gap.
Chief from Alvord - Tule Springs.
I adopted him as a 3 year old in May, what a wonderful horse. He amazes me every time I see him.
- Lea Ann
Skeeter from Alvord Tule, adopted by Jennifer Janes
photo: Andi Harmon "Cowboy" and Lloyd of Burns BLM Corrals
Dr. Gus Cothran analyzed blood markers and DNA for this herd in 2000 - 2001, checking on genetic health as well as possible clues to ancestry and origins. At this time he determined that of all the domestic breeds, the Alvord-Tule Springs herd most closely resembled the Quarter Horse and the Thoroughbred. As for genetic health, he states, "If there are no drastic reductions in herd size it should be possible for variability to be maintained for at least the next 50 years."
Ebony, adopted by Rhonda Zinkel, with her mule baby, Eleanor.
Ebony lived with our herd while Eleanor was still nursing. Many visitors commented about what a nice Friesian we had!
Latte from Alvord-Tule HMA adopted by Rhonda Zinkel
Colors & Origin: Horses are of almost every color and genetic background. The majority of the horses are sorrels, browns, roans, and grays. A few horses show characteristics of Spanish mustangs, other bloodlines include draft horses, saddle type, and thoroughbred. Horses are managed for quality and conformation. Many foundation horses for the Kiger HMA came from Beaty's Butte. The Beaty's Butte horses are reputed to have extremely good minds and temperaments.
Size: 14 to 16 hands and weigh 950-1300 pounds.
Duchess from Beaty's Butte - adopted by Tom & Andi Harmon
Duchess was the first Mustang we ever adopted and she was from Beaty's Butte. Talk about a smart horse! She gentled immediately and was very willing right away to learn new stuff. She was a little more aloof than Beau is. She was also a small horse, which was not the norm for that herd area. She was a beautiful bay ...She had a tendency to be a little ornery, but knew who she could push around and who she couldn't. But when she had her first rider, which was after her 3rd saddling, she took it all in stride like it was just meant to be!
Kitty Lauman use two Beaty's Butte mustangs in her video "From Wild To Willing." She says this herd has exceptionally good minds. Her horse, Wyatt, on whom she won the National Cowgirl Mounted Shooting Championships, is also a Beaty's Butte horse.
Climax from Beaty's Buttes HMA in Oregon. She's the one that was gorgeous but WILD. Adopted her in 2001 as a 4 yr. old. She was a return from Matt Fournier and slated for sanctuary because they considered her too wild to gentle. She did destroy my round-pen... but she's now in S. Calif. and being brushed, etc. by kids. Took awhile... but, she got there finally.
Rhonda Zinkel Long Ears & Pack
Wyatt from Beaty's Butte, ridden by "Cactus Kitty" Lauman, is a Cowboy Mounted Shooting Champion
photo: Andi Harmon Big Summit (USFS), 26,097 acres, AML Range 0 (this herd will be zeroed out)
Prairie Rose from the Big Summit HMA
Eeyore from Ochoco National Forest performs in costume and in equitation classes.
O'Neill, still in the wild. Wild Moment (third horse from the left)
O'Neill is still in the wild in the Big Summit HMA and joined our inventory unit last year (The Central Oregon Wild Horse Coalition inventories the HMA annually). He stayed with us for 4 days. We had to put up a hot wire to keep him out of camp. I even touched his nose the first day he came to visit…then decided that was not the best thing to do since he was supposed to be wild! He rode with us all of the first day. As you can see in the one photo, he just got in line and followed along. The second day he stayed with us for ½ the day, and on the third day, he said “I’ll wait here at camp for you” and sure enough…there he was. It was one of those “Wild Moments” that I’ll never forget. - Karen Jackson-Simmons
Thanks to Marcia Grahn for these beautiful photos of Ochoco/Big Summit horses in the wild!
Ochoco Belle, ridden by Cassie Saunders in the 2004 Western States Wild Horse & Burro Expo
The Cold Springs horses exhibit a high incidence of the Silver Dapples color gene - unusual among wild horses and common only in Rocky Mountain horses and certain pony breeds among domestic horses.
Karma, an orphaned foal adopted by Andi & Tom Harmon
Karma with her mother at eh burns Corrals, before her mother sustained a fatal injury
Cold Springs Cody
Rumor has it that a ranch back in the 40's and 50's used to run their AQHA stallions with the wild herds there and bring in the herds in the fall, take out the babies they wanted and turn the rest back out. So there is likely some very old QH blood in those horses. Which would explain why many of them are quieter than others and also why some of them are a bit difficult, depending on the QH stallions they ran.
These two Cold Springs mares were offered on the November 2006 Internet Adoption. The one above sold for $450. The equally well-built but plain brown mare at left did not get a single bid. I love color as much as anyone, but the mare on the left is well-built and already started under saddle. Hard to figure!
AML: 125 to 250 horses Size: 950 to 1,050 pounds, 14.2 and 15.2 hands, with some stallions being slightly larger.
The dominant colors are sorrel, bay, and black with a few pintos and buckskins. Most have saddle horse type conformation showing thoroughbred ancestry, although occasionally there a few that show some draft horse influence. Many of the horses are descendants of U.S. Army remount stallions. Characteristics of the herd have remained the same since 1975.
The Coyote Lakes HMA and the Alvord-Tule Springs HMA are currently being managed as the Coyote Lakes/Alvord-Tule Springs complex because of known migration between to the two HMAs through Sand Gap.
Dr. Gus Cothran performed genetic analysis of this herd in 2000 - 2001, checking on genetic health as well as possible ancestry. He found that this herd is very similar genetically to the Paisley Desert and Alvord Tule herds. The domestic breed most closely resembling this herd is the Quarter Horse, followed by the Thoroughbred. This herd is currently very healthy genetically, with good population levels and good genetic variability.
Sallee, adopted by Jennifer Janes
Dusty from Coyote Lakes - adopted by Tom & Andi Harmon
Ranger is a Coyote Lake mustang, from SE Oregon (HMA #14 on your map). He looks like a little Fresian with his huge, arched neck, feathered legs and long, curly mane, forelock and tail. Adopted by Karen Blackwood.
In December of 2006, Ranger and Karen were honored at their Horsemen's Association for their work in competitive cow cutting.
Heath Creek and Sheepshead are next to each other, and are managed together. Most are of saddle type conformation, showing influence of thoroughbred ancestry. Most mature horses are 14 to 15.2 hands and weigh 950 to 1,050 pounds. Major colors in the herd are sorrel, bay, black and a few paints and buckskins. 62,792 acres, AML Range 61-102
photo: Andi Harmon Hog Creek HMA horses at Burns BLM Corrals
Bo, a blue roan stud from Hog Creek, adopted by the Greg Schultz family
BLM TARGET HERD SIZE: 30 to 50.
HORSE COLORS: Bay, brown, black, sorrel, roan, palomino, buckskin.
SIZE OF HORSES: The horses are good sized, saddle type, ranging from 15 to 16 hands and weigh from 950 to 1300 pounds.
Hog Creek, 22,265 acres, AML Range 30-50
This HMA was last gathered in 1997. Shortly after this gather, 3 new stallions were introduced to Hog Creek HMA to help ensure genetic viability. One bay stallion from the Jackies Butte HMA, and two red roans from the South Steens HMA, were selected since they were representative of the herd characteristics for size and saddle horse type conformation. The bay stallion disappeared the first year after being transplanted, but the two red roan horses continue to contribute greatly to the overall quality of the herd.
Dr. Gus Cothran performed genetic analysis on this herd in 2000 - 2001. The domestic breed most closely resembling this herd is the Moroccan Barb. Unfortunately, herd size and genetic variability are both low in this herd, and he recommended close monitoring for physical defects in foals, which would indicate that genetic diversity has fallen below healthy levels.
Riddle Mountain, 28,346 acres, AML Range 33-56 Kiger, 33,249 acres, AML Range 51-82
The majority of Kiger Mustangs exhibit physical color characteristics known as "the dun factor" which were also common to many of the horses the Spaniards brought to North America in the 1500's. The basic dun colors are red or Claybank dun, zebra or bay dun, and grullo or black dun. Dun can also combine with other colors such as buckskin and palomino. Other Kiger-Riddle colors include bay, buckskin, and gray - even an occasional palomino.
Kiger horses are typically 13 to 15 hands and weigh 750 to 1000 pounds. They have light to medium bone and small feet. Ear tips are often hooked and females have very fine muzzles.
Dr. Gus Cothran performed genetic analysis of these two closely related herds in 2000 - 2001, checking on genetic health as well as possible ancestry. He found that these two herds have a high degree of genetic variability, indicating health, and "likely, although not necessarily" mixed origin and recent introductions of unrelated animals. He states that it is not possible at this stage of our understanding of horse genetics to say with certainty which breeds were specifically involved in the ancestry of the Kiger. The breeds most closely resembling the Kiger are various breeds of known Spanish origin as well as the Appaloosa.
The Kiger herd tested to be quite similar genetically to other Oregon herds from the same area.
There are four genetic markers that are (or were in 2001) considered indicative of Spanish ancestry. The Kiger herd has one, called "Ddek."
Charlie, orphan Kiger colt being raised by Andi & Tom Harmon
Murderer's Creek Mare-Foal Pairs on a recent Internet Adoption
Murderer's Creek, 108,568 acres, AML Range 50-140
The lineage of the Murderer's Creek horses is diverse and quite debatable. Although it is likely that horses found in the area by early explorers (probably escaped from Indian herds) left their mark in the area, there can be no dispute that many of the Murderer's Creek horses are descendants of animals lost or turned loose by settlers and ranchers.
Double Espresso, from Murderer's Creek HMA in Oregon. I adopted her as a yearling in 2004, at the Wild Horse Workshop in Klamath Falls. The one pic is her first day home here, and the other 2 are this past summer, a year later. What a difference a year makes! - Rhonda Zinkel
Prior to the passage of the Wild Free-Roaming Horse and Burro Act in 1971, ranchers managed the wild herds by turning out their own stallions to bring certain characteristics into the bands, then gathered the young horses in the spring.
The Murderer's Creek horses are generally around 14 hands in size.
More than 50 percent of the horses of the Murderer's Creek are "timber horses." They live in heavily timbered areas of ponderosa pine and mixed conifer. These horses tend to be bay or brown in color, whereas the horses in the western, more open part of the territory are grays, duns, and sorrels.
The "timber horses" tend to stay at the high elevations year-round, living in bands of three to eight animals.
Gathering the "timber horses" of Murderer's Creek is very challenging, as the horses have learned to use the trees and mountain terrain to their advantage. Despite this reputation, the "timber horses" tend to settle down shortly after capture, and they are generally quieter when worked with than their open country cousins of the west end of the territory.
Dr. Gus Cothran performed genetic analysis of this herd in 2000 - 2001, checking on genetic health as well as possible ancestry. He found that this herd - which is physically isolated from other herd areas - is the most unique, bearing the least similarity to the other Oregon herds studied. He also found that it was NOT inbred, as I have heard people say they believe it to be. Genetic health was good, and he predicted no inbreeding issues in the near future "if population levels are maintained." He found that this herd bears closest genetic resemblance to the American light racing and saddle breeds as well as to the New World Iberian breeds.
Palomino Stud from Palomino Buttes photo: Andi Harmon
Family Band of wild horses in Palomino Buttes HMA
Newly gathered Palomino Buttes horses at Burns, Oregon, BLM Corrals - photos by Andi Harmon
Sarah Okamura & Sunka Wacan, her Palomino Buttes HMA horse
Cremello Gelding Foaled 1997 Adopted 1999
Sunka (pronounced “Shoon-kah”) was adopted as a long yearling from the Burns Holding Facility in Oregon. He came from the Palomino Buttes Herd Management Area. His color and size are not uncommon in horses from this herd. He owes a debt of gratitude to Matt and Pam Fournier, horse trainers from Oregon, for helping select him from the holding pens.
His owner, Sarah Okumura, never owned a horse prior to Sunka. His initial conditioning consisted of settling in for a few months. During this time he was taught to accept a halter and lead. Sarah spent the next few months getting him used to grooming procedures and doing simple round pen exercises. He readily accepted a saddle and bridle.
Since Sarah never had a horse before, she asked the trainer at the facility at which she boarded to supervise her and give her pointers from time to time. The trainer also worked with Sunka for his first month under saddle.
At that point, Sunka was suitable for Sarah to begin riding, although she still took lessons and asked for advice when needed. At the age of three, less than two years after adoption, Sunka was ridden in his first parade, participated in a Pet Fair full of dogs, kids, and balloons and went on a camping trip.
Soon after that, Sunka began his show career. He was somewhat successful right off the bat, but Sarah knew that he could perform better. She sought training assistance from Bob and Lori McBride, who have a lifetime of experience training and showing horses. After a few months working with Bob, Sunka was competing successfully in open shows. Since that time, Sarah has worked with Bob and Lori off and on but has done much of Sunka’s training herself, particularly in trail competition. In 2004, Sunka performed successfully in the Gold’n’Grand, a large and highly competitive Western show. He was also Super Horse at the Western States Wild Horse & Burro Expo. In 2005, he won English High Point Champion at the Expo, and they performed a freestyle act for the Friday Nite Showcase.
Kricket from Palomino Buttes
Redrock from Palomino Buttes
Thought I'd send you photo of our most recent addition. His name is Redrock, and he is a color guard/flag/posse horse. What makes him so special? He was gathered in late Sept '05, adopted in Nov '05 and brought home the week after Christmas. Not started with until really January '06. By March '06 he was being ridden, did mounted shooting in April and began his trail work in June. This horse just wants to please, wants to do well, and is VERY willing. He's from the Palomino Butte herd, and lives with our other Palomino Butte horse 'Kricket'
and with her adopter, Sandra D Schluter of South Florida, two years later in a show
Tonto, adopted by Rick and Kitty Lauman of Prineville, Oregon, as a 7 year old. Tonto now participates in horse shows, trail rides, and Cowboy Mounted Shooting contests. He is even ridden by their 7-year-old niece!
Dr. Gus Cothran performed genetic analysis of this herd in 2000 - 2001, checking on genetic health as well as possible ancestry. This herd most closely resembles the Kentucky Mountain Saddle Horse and the other North American Gaited Saddle breeds (Rocky Mountain, Tennessee Walker, etc) and the New World Iberian breeds (Paso Fino, etc) as well as the Moroccan Barb.
Dr. Cothran warned that although the herd is currently healthy genetically, herd size is sufficiently low that loss of genetic health is likely within the next 20 years. He recommended close monitoring.
Paisley mares and geldings at Burns BLM Corrals - Thanks to Andi Harmon for the pix!
Look closely and you can see wild horses among the sagebrush. These pictures were taken along a highway near Paisley Desert HMA.
Most are of saddle type conformation, showing influence of thoroughbred ancestry. Most mature horses are 14 to 15.2 hands and weigh 950 to 1,050 pounds. Major colors in the herd are sorrel, bay, black and a few paints and buckskins. The Sheepshead herd has a number of individuals with the relatively rare Silver Dapples coloring.
Sheepshead (also listed separate from Heath Creek), 136,050 acres, AML Range 100-200
"Wart Hog" from Sheepshead HMA - may he rest in peace. :-(
Sheepshead Silvertip, (with mule foal) adopted by Rhonda Zinkel
Phantom Target, a South Steens mustang owned by Pete Sharp
South Steens HMA wild horses - photo by Andi Harmon
Yearling Filly from South Steens HMA Adopted by Laura Bray
Laura writes, "Here are a few updated pictures for Mesa, my BLM Mustang from the South Steens HMA in Oregon. She's coming 4 years old this Spring and is more bomb-proof than my 11-year old domestic gelding! I've been riding her for about a year now and she's got a beautifully smooth trot, very calm and collected disposition but tons of energy when I need it! Can't wait to adopt again!
Mesa as a 4-year-old
The "Internet Six" In December 0f 2004, the BLM Internet Adoption included six beautiful but older (all in their teens) pinto stud horses from South Steens HMA. In January of 2005, the Burns Sale Law took effect and the "Internet Six" had to be removed from the Internet Adoption, as, under the new law, they were no longer part of the Adoption Program. They were, however, for sale. All six were purchased. One sadly died during surgery at the Burns corrals. The remaining five are pictured here:
HERD SIZE: Appropriate Management Level range, 75 to 150 head.
Three Fingers, 62,508 acres, AML Range 75-150 HORSE COLORS: Pinto, buckskin, dun, bay, black, sorrel, roan, grey. SIZE OF HORSES: 950 to 1250#, 14 to 16 hands GENERAL INFORMATION/HISTORY: Horses in the herd trace their ancestry primarily to horses abandoned by homesteaders and horses escaped from ranches. There are probably some descendants of Army remount horses represented.
Rocky - Three Fingers HMA orphan raised by Andi Harmon
Cody - Three Fingers HMA orphan raised by Andi Harmon
Three Fingers HMA horse at Burns BLM Center awaiting adoption
Three Fingers HMA mare at Burns Corrals - photo by Andi Harmon
The majority of horses in the area have physical characteristics of the domestic saddle horse variety. Generally, they are heavier muscled horses with good dispositions. They range in size from 14.2 to 15.2 hands and weigh 1,000-1,200 pounds. Color varies greatly within the horse herd and includes Appaloosa, blue and red roan, palomino, buckskin, sorrel, brown, bay, and a few pintos.
The 20 burros who currently occupy the Warm Springs herd area are all of the grey and dark brown color. It is not known how long burros have been in the area or how they originally got there.
Dr. Gus Cothran performed genetic analysis of this herd in 2000 - 2001, checking on genetic health as well as possible ancestry. I have not been able to secure a copy of his complete analysis, but in his paper about the Alvord-Tule, Paisley Desert, Coyote Lakes, Jackies Butte and Murderers Creek herds, he makes reference to the Warm Springs herd. He says that "The Warm Springs herd clusters with some of the pony breeds for reasons that are not readily apparent."
Chief from Warm Springs - adopted by Andi & Tom Harmon
Beau from Warm Springs - adopted by Andi & Tom Harmon
Warm Springs colt - Liz Cohen
13 year old Sarah MacWhorter and her Warm Springs Appaloosa, Justa Cruz'n Chip, at the 2003 National Wild Horse and Burro Show in Winnemucca, NV (above) and the 2003 Western States Wild Horse & Burro Expo, in Reno, NV (below and right).
"Justy" was high point colored horse - halter gelding, show high point trail, and Sarah/Justy won reserve high point youth rider. Justy was adopted as a 2 year old in October 2001 from the Burns corrals - the herd had just been gathered - and he began his show career the following year.
Justy returned to the Western States Wild Horse & Burro Expo in 2005, ridden this time by Sarah's younger sister, Laurie MacWhorter. The pair won the top honor: SUPER HORSE!
Warm Springs horses at Burns Corrals - Liz Cohen
DOLLAR of WARM SPRINGS
Dollar from Warm Springs photo: Andi Harmon
Dollar was about 22 years old in the photo at left and is a herd stallion for the Warm Springs herd. He will never be adopted out. When he came in as a 2 year old, now some 22 years ago (he will be about 25 next spring), Lloyd at the Burns corrals gentled and saddle broke him.
But it was decided that Dollar would be better suited as a herd stallion than a saddle horse and was released back into the wild. He was gathered again in 200, but kept at the corrals for close to a year, got wormed, vaccinated, fattened up, etc. then he, his son and some others were released later.
Becky Sheridan's new Warm Springs colt, adopted in October, 2006
copyright 2000, 2001, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009, 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014 Nancy Kerson, all rights reserved - I'm happy to share, just need to be asked and have credit given where due.
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